HHV8/KSHV-Positive Lymphoproliferative Disorders and the Spectrum of Plasmablastic and Plasma Cell Neoplasms: 2015 SH/EAHP Workshop Report-Part 3.

The 2015 Workshop of the Society for Hematopathology/European Association for Haematopathology aimed to review immunodeficiency-related lymphoproliferative disorders with plasmablastic and plasma cell differentiation.

The workshop panel reviewed human herpes virus 8 (HHV8)/Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV)-associated lesions and other lesions exhibiting plasma cell differentiation, including plasmablastic proliferations with features of myeloma/plasmacytoma, plasmablastic neoplasms presenting in extranodal sites and effusion-based lymphomas, and rendered a consensus diagnosis.

The spectrum of HHV8/KSHV-associated proliferations ranged from multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) to MCD with plasmablastic aggregates to HHV8+ diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and germinotrophic lymphoproliferative disorder. Comparisons across effusion-based lymphomas with and without HHV8/KSHV and plasmablastic lymphomas in immunodeficient and immunocompetent patients were discussed.

The presence or absence of HHV8/KSHV is a defining feature in disorders associated with Castleman disease, although their differential diagnosis and recognition of progression may be challenging. Plasmablastic proliferations overlap with myeloma/plasmacytoma as well as extranodal and effusion-based lymphomas. The involvement of Epstein-Barr virus is typically variable.

American journal of clinical pathology. 2017 Feb 01 [Epub]

Amy Chadburn, Jonathan Said, Dita Gratzinger, John K C Chan, Daphne de Jong, Elaine S Jaffe, Yasodha Natkunam, John R Goodlad

From the Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY., University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles., Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA., Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong., VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands., National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD., University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.