A case report of apatinib in treating osteosarcoma with pulmonary metastases.

Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Pulmonary metastases lead to a significantly increased risk of death. Apatinib, a new potent oral small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the intracellular domain of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), shows survival benefits in treating advanced or metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma, non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer and metastatic breast cancer. However, its efficacy in metastatic osteosarcoma has not been reported yet.

Herein, we presented a 50-year-old man patient who visited hospital due to local bone pain in the left leg.

He was initially diagnosed with osteoblastic osteosarcoma.

The patient suffered repeated resection surgeries but developed multiple lung metastases. Positive staining for CD31, CD34, and VEGFR-2 were detected in the tumor section. As he refused to receive chemotherapy due to concerns regarding the chemotherapy toxicities and sorafenib due to high cost, apatinib was given at a dose of 500 mg daily.

Eleven months following apatinib administration, the patient achieved a partial response according to the RECIST 1.1 standard. No severe toxicity or drug-related side effect was observed during the treatment.

Therefore, apatinib could be a new option for the treatment of metastatic osteosarcoma. Clinical trials are required to further confirm the efficacy and safety of apatinib in treating pulmonary metastases from osteosarcoma.

Medicine. 2017 Apr [Epub]

Yong Zhou, Wengeng Zhang, Fan Tang, Yi Luo, Li Min, Wenli Zhang, Rui Shi, Hong Duan, Chongqi Tu

aDepartment of Orthopedics bPrecision Medicine Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.