Management of testicular cancer has evolved through many breakthroughs. The decades of zeal to improve oncologic adequacy and to decrease morbidity has led to the current scientific knowledge of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection templates. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) has potential for staging, prognostication and therapeutic importance in the management of testicular malignancy. RPLND has overcome limitations of current imaging which understage 30% of stage I disease and overstage 25-30% of stage II disease. For low-volume disease, RPLND is curative in up to 90% cases without adjuvant therapy and has important role in postchemotherapy residual disease. Risk of recurrence after RPLND is 1% and follow-up imaging can be limited, thus avoiding their potential risk of radiation exposure. RPLND reveals vital information of disease nature and guide adjuvant therapy. Despite the long evolution period, certain controversies still surround RPLND. We aim to refine this challenging management in the following manuscript based on available evidence.
Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico. 2017 Feb 01 [Epub ahead of print]