Systematic meta-analyses of gene-specific genetic association studies in prostate cancer.

In the past twenty-five years, over 700 case-control association studies on the risk of prostate cancer have been published worldwide, but their results were largely inconsistent. To facilitate following and explaining these findings, we performed a systematic meta-analysis using allelic contrasts for gene-specific SNVs from at least three independent population-based case-control studies, which were published in the field of prostate cancer between August 1, 1990 and August 1, 2015. Across 66 meta-analyses, a total of 20 genetic variants involving 584,100 subjects in 19 different genes (KLK3, IGFBP3, ESR1, SOD2, CAT, CYP1B1, VDR, RFX6, HNF1B, SRD5A2, FGFR4, LEP, HOXB13, FAS, FOXP4, SLC22A3, LMTK2, EHBP1 and MSMB) exhibited significant association with prostate cancer. The average summary OR was 1.33 (ranging from: 1.016-3.788) for risk alleles and 0.838 (ranging from: 0.757-0.896) for protective alleles. Of these positive variants, FOXP4 rs1983891, LMTK2 rs6465657 and RFX6 rs339331 had not been previously meta-analyzed. Further analyses with sufficient power design and investigations of the potential biological roles of these genetic variants in prostate cancer should be conducted.

Oncotarget. 2016 Apr 19 [Epub]

Qiang Hao, Dong Wei, Yaoguang Zhang, Xin Chen, Fan Yang, Ze Yang, Xiaoquan Zhu, Jianye Wang

Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, China., Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital, Beijing, 100730, China., Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Ministry of Health, Beijing, 100730, China.